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Lusitano horse

The Lusitano Horse was originated from the primitive horses of the Iberia Peninsula, with influence by the Arabian blood and by horses from North Africa.

Along the centuries, the breed went through accentuated selection for combats, bullfighting, equestrian Art and light artillery, depending on the region where and activity for which it was raised.

Renowned among the Greeks and Romans of early history as the world´s best horses for riding and combat, the Iberian horse also featured as the leisure mount of European Royalty throughout the Middle Ages, having strong influence over the English Thoroughbred through the Royal Mares, with which selected Arabian Stallions were bred.

As they were the favorite horses of Royal Courts during this time, the Iberian horse also had a significant role in the development of the Horseback Riding Schools.

The breed was officially recognized was the establishment of the Lusitano Studbook in 1967, even though its biotype and talents have been known for a long time.

Beyond a statistical standard of measurement averages, characteristics of the Lusitano Horse are defined more by its functional aptitudes.

Thus, the agility and flexibility selected by bullfighting and combat, the intelligence, elegance and malleability selected by equestrian art, and the empathy and companionship selected by 5,000 years of horseback riding gave rise to a breed of horses that are vibrant, yet submissive; strong, yet flexible; brave, yet safe; and most of all, specialized, yet extremely adaptable.

The Lusitano Horse is an excellent horse for riding. Extremely trustworthy, it is the ideal horse for beginners.

Regardless of its lineage of origin, the Lusitano was selected by the use of the saddle and only recently, and somewhat sporadically, the breed has been selected for physical, rather than functional criteria.

The Lusitano has a small numbers of actively breeding mares, with an estimate of 2,000 births per year.

Average characteristics of the Lusitano horse estimated around the early 1980´s.

1 - Type: Of middling weight (around 500 kg); medium shaped, sub-convex (rounded shape), with a square shaped silhouette.

2 - Height: medium at withers using a measuring stick at age of 6: mares with 1.55 m and Stallions with 1.60 m.

3 - Coat.: Bay, Gray, Chestnut, Black, Paalomino, Buckskin.

4 - Temperament: noble, generous and ardent but always gentle and long suffering.

5 - Movements: Agile, high stepping and forward thrusting, gentle and very easy to ride.

6 - Aptitude: a natural gift for concentration, well disposed for Artistry and courageous and enthusiastic in Gineta exercises (combat, hunting, bullfighting, herding etc.)

7 - Head: well proportioned, of medium length, narrow and dry with relatively unpronounced lower jaw and relatively long in the cheek with a slightly sub-convex profile and upwards curving forehead (over eyebrow bones) huge elliptical, expressive confident eyes. Ears are of average length, delicate, narrow and expressive.

8 - Neck: of average length, arched with a slight hairline, with a narrow junction to the head, broad at the base and perfectly positioned in respect of the shoulder blades rising from withers without any marked depression.

9 - Withers: well defined and long, with a smooth transition between the spine and neck, always slightly more raised than the croup. In fully grown males it is covered in fat but is always clearly visible through the shoulder blades.

10 - Chest: Medium, deep and muscular.

11 - Ribcage: well developed, long and deep, with ribs obliquely arched into the spinal column, providing a short, full flank.

12 - Shoulder blades: long, oblique and muscular.

13 - Back: upright, leaning horizontally providing a smooth union between the withers and loin.

14 - Loins: short, broad, muscular slightly convex, well connected to the back and croup with which they form a continuous and perfectly harmonious line.

15 - Croup: strong and rounded, well proportioned, slightly oblique, identical in length and breadth, convex, harmonious profile and with relatively slight point of the hip providing the croup with an elliptical transversal section.

16 - Limbs: muscled harmoniously inclined forelegs:
upper leg is upright and muscular;
dry broad knee, longish;
dry shin bones with well defined tendons;
dry relatively large fetlocks with smallish joints;
relatively long and oblique pasterns;
well formed, shapely and proportioned hooves without being excessively open and slight coronet;
short and convex buttock;
muscular, shortish thighs pointing in such a way as for the patella to be positioned on the same vertical line as the edge of the hip;
longish leg, positioning the hock in line with the vertical part of the buttock;
broad, strong and dry hocks;
the angle of the rear limbs are relatively closed.

Haras Vale do Aretê - Dressage & Lusitanos - Phones: +55 (11) 9.9994-9500 / 9.9981-1257 - Email: contato@lusitanohorsebrazil.com
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